On June 13, 2013, the Taliban opened an official political office in Doha, Qatar. For a so-called peace, it’s not me; the result shows a so-called peace, and the agreement that occurred was the Doha Agreement. The Doha agreement on its legal terms failed because there were no contingency rules to grant its result. For example, what will happen if one of the parties fails to follow the agreement after the US troops leave Afghanistan? And still, the US government has no clear stance on its failure. The second reason this agreement looks weak and fails is that the Afghan government was less involved than it needed to be. As Sen. Mitt Romney said in an interview with CNN, the Trump administration was negotiating directly with the Taliban, getting ready to invite them to Camp David, opening up a prison of 5,000 Taliban and probably ISIS-K individuals, and letting them free.
The Agreement for Bringing Peace to Afghanistan, commonly known as the US–Taliban deal or the Doha Agreement, was a peace agreement signed by the United States and the Taliban on February 29, 2020, in Doha, Qatar, to bring an end to the 2001–2021 war in Afghanistan. The Afghan government was not involved on multiple occasions, and the US government dealt with the Taliban directly. The Doha Agreement was a contract signed by the US and the Taliban insurgent group. The most highlighted articles that prove the failure of this agreement are as follows: Article 1 provides guarantees and enforcement mechanisms that will prevent the use of the soil of Afghanistan by any group or individual against the security of the United States and its allies.
I think that on the day of the evacuation of troops and allies, the Taliban didn’t perform well in protecting them, and there are witnesses who say that the Taliban tortured and killed hundreds of Afghan allies.
Article 4. A permanent and comprehensive ceasefire will be an item on the agenda of the intra-Afghan dialogue and negotiations. The participants in intra-Afghan negotiations will discuss the date and modalities of a permanent and comprehensive ceasefire, including joint implementation mechanisms, which will be announced along with the completion and agreement over the future political roadmap of Afghanistan.
In my opinion, the ceasefire didn’t happen until the fall of Kabul, the Taliban have not facilitated intra-Afghan talks, and there is no roadmap.
Part Two, Article 1. The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, which is not recognized by the United States as a state and is known as the Taliban, will not allow any of its members, other individuals, or groups, including al-Qa’ida, to use the soil of Afghanistan to threaten the security of the United States and its allies.
The killing of Aiman al-Zawahiri is the most significant proof that shows the Taliban allowed Al-Qaeda to use Afghan soil and relocate there.
There are multiple articles that the Taliban have violated. However, I want to focus on the most critical vocal statement from a Taliban official in Doha. When this agreement was signed, they agreed and guaranteed the rights of education and work for the women in Afghanistan, which didn’t happen.
Afghan women are still struggling for their fundamental rights, such as education and employment. These bold and clear points prove the Doha Agreement is a failed contract, and the US must clarify its stance, not as a government but as a member of the humanitarian world. In the past 20 years of the republic, there have been many developments, but the most significant ones are the connectivity of the people with technology and their belief in democracy, as well as the repositioning of women and giving them equal opportunities as men. These positive achievements have made people thankful for the US in the past 20 years. Afghans believe the fall of Afghanistan is the outcome of the Doha Agreement, and the US Government betrayed them.
Omar is an Afghan human rights activist. He has a BA in economy and and an LLB. Omar works as an IT Engineering productivity Lead in the US.